There are different types of cancer and despite the fact that a number can be triggered by factors such as smoking and hereditary, some can also be caused by foods.
This one specifically affects men. Consuming too much dairy may increase the risk of prostate cancer. And though milk has been studied the most, ice cream, cheese, and other assorted milk-based products may also be a problem.
According to Healthline, some researchers believe the strong associations between milk intake and prostate cancer may be due to the fat, calcium, and hormone content in milk, while others theorize that ingesting dairy could alter vitamin D and testosterone levels.
A 2016 study deemed the dairy-cancer link inconclusive, but if you’re at risk for prostate cancer or already have it, talk to your doctor about your diet.
If you are a lover of barbecue meat (suya), you may want to take care as grilled meat can actually damage your DNA. According to the National Cancer Institute, cooking meat at high temperatures over an open flame or pan-frying it creates two chemicals that can increase your risk of cancer—heterocyclic amines (HCAs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).
As it turns out, it’s not only red meat that’s affected; you’re equally at risk eating chicken that’s cooked this way. How big is the risk? One study found that frequently eating charred meat elevates your risk of developing pancreatic cancer by 60 percent, while another found it nearly doubles the risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women.
irrespective of the way you cook it, consuming red meat may increase your risk of cancer. Eating red meat has been linked to pancreatic, colorectal, and stomach cancers, and the World Health Organization labeled it as “probably carcinogenic” in the 2015 report that also mentioned processed meats as a plausible cause.
Furthermore, researchers from the University of Leeds, who studied more than 32,000 women over 17 years, found that those who regularly ate red meat had higher rates of distal colon cancer (area where faeces are stored) compared to those who followed a red-meat-free diet.
While that particular study did not explore the reason, other researchers observing the stool of men and women who consumed a high-meat diet saw high levels of N-nitroso compounds (NOCs), which are potentially cancer-causing chemicals.
White bread, and White Rice
According to researchers from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, even if you’ve never smoked, eating a diet rich in certain high glycemic index foods can increase your risk of lung cancer by 49 percent.
Eating high-glycemic foods quickly elevates your blood sugar and increases the presence of insulin-like growth factors that are linked to an increased lung cancer risk. You however don’t have to let go of all carbs. Choose lower glycemic index options, such as 100% stone-ground whole wheat bread and rolled or steel-cut oats.
Very Hot Coffee
Scientists at the World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer say coffee itself is not carcinogenic, but add that coffee (or tea) consumed at very high temperatures can increase the risk of oesophageal cancer.
It’s not that high temperatures activate some kind of carcinogenic compound, it’s just that constantly scalding your throat with hot liquid could lead to the development of tumour.
According to another study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine that looked at tea drinkers, if you also smoke and drink alcohol in excess, you raise your risk by five-fold. So let your beverage of choice cool off a bit before drinking it.
Reducing the amount of dietary sugar you take can cut your risk of cancer. One study found that women who consumed the most sweets increased their risk of breast cancer by 27 percent. As glucose and insulin rise, they boost oestrogen levels—and that can potentially lead to breast cancer.
A separate study, published in the journal Nature Communications, found that sugar stimulates growth of tumours. Cancer cells need lots of quick energy to grow— much more than regular cells—and consuming high amounts of sugar helps feed them.