If you are planning on travelling to a new country that involves you crossing borders and oceans, there is a need for you to get some vaccines and medications.
To keep your body healthy and sound while you’re trekking and sightseeing, ensure you’re up-to-date with the following medications and vaccinations before going through customs.
Hepatitis A vaccine
Depending on where you go, the health codes may be less strict but Hepatitis A can be a dangerous possibility. This virus is caused by faecal-to-oral contact, where maybe a street food vendor didn’t properly wash his or her hands before cooking. It is potentially life-threatening, the vaccination prevents a viral infection of your liver.
Getting this vaccine may give you Flu-like symptoms and hepatitis A is common in Central or South America, Mexico, Asia and Africa.
Typhoid fever vaccine
Typhoid fever can also be transmitted by poor hygiene through the bacterium: salmonella typhi, especially if that street food isn’t properly cooked to rid it of bad bacteria or fecal-to-oral contamination.
By opting for the typhoid fever vaccine, you prevent, “a horrible infection of the gastrointestinal tract that causes severe diarrhoea, with one-third of people infected dying if they are untreated.
Typhoid fever is common in Africa, Southeast Asia, East Asia, South America and the Caribbean.
Yellow fever vaccine
Yellow fever is spread by infected mosquitoes, and is a virus that leads to organ failure and shock for 15 percent of people infected, with some ultimately ending in death.
Getting this vaccination may or may not be a choice, but rather, mandatory. Some countries require an international certificate of vaccination or prophylaxis [yellow card] to be filled out verifying your vaccination status before entry.
The continents of risk include Africa and South America where there are a lot of mosquitos where yellow fever is endemic. Potential side effects of the vaccine include Flu-like symptoms.
This is one of the most common and trusted vaccinations, and there is a high chance that you have had this vaccination at least once in your lifetime. You however need a booster every ten years, and you should check the last time you had one.
If you ever stub your toe on a concrete walkway or earn a scrape from a snorkeling adventure, that open wound could be problematic if you step in something dirty or dangerous later on in your trip.
Tetanus is caused by the bacterium clostridium tetani. If contracted, this bacterial infection can create painful muscle spasms or lockjaw, that could ultimately lead to death.
Packing enough Acetaminophen—Tylenol—is an easy feat, but not so if you’re away for a few months, as your stock will need to be replenished. It’s important to have what you need on hand in case you need to relieve pain or fever while you’re on the go.