A lot of people think of Haemorrhoids as an evil thing but they are actually the veins in your anal canal and are completely normal. The only time they become a problem is when they become swollen and inflamed, which is what people mean most times when they say they have haemorrhoids.
The minute these inflamed veins begin to act up however, they can be pretty uncomfortable but the way they affect you will usually be dependent on the type you have.
Furthermore, there are two types of hemorrhoids: External; which are located under the skin around your anus, and can form a small, hard bulge there. They can also cause bleeding, painful swelling, and itching.
Internal haemorrhoids are found in your rectum—the lowest part of your large intestines and usually aren’t painful. But they may cause bleeding that shows up in your stool, when you wipe, or in the toilet after you poop.
You can also experience a prolapse, or when a haemorrhoid pops through your anal opening.
While they can be easy to treat, preventing them from occurring is better. But before you learn how to prevent haemorrhoids, you need to understand what causes them in the first place.
There are lots of things you can do that can trigger symptomatic haemorrhoids but it mostly comes down to pressure overload on those veins.
For instance, spending too much time on the toilet going through your phone can trigger them. That’s because haemorrhoids can become enlarged and painful when there’s an increased pressure against the connective tissues that normally keep them in place.
Sitting on the toilet for long periods of time strains, irritates, and inflames those connective tissues. The same thing can happen if you’re constipated or if you sit in the same position at a desk or in a car. Some men may even experience it if they lift heavy loads at the gym.
You contract the same abdominals muscles as you do when you’re pooping, which can stress the tissues around your anus.
Your chances of getting them also increase as you get older, too. The connective tissues lining your anal canal get weaker with age, allowing your blood vessels to bulge more easily when they’re irritated or stressed.
How Do You Prevent It?
First off, it is important to make your time in the toilet as quick as possible. As a matter of fact, you shouldn’t spend longer than 15 minutes on the toilet.
The longer you linger, the more pressure you’ll be exerting in your intra-abdominal region. That can cause blood to pool in the veins in and around your rectum, leading to haemorrhoids.
Also, increase your water and fibers which you can get from oatmeal, prunes, fruits, vegetables, and beans. That reduces or even eliminates the need for any straining or pushing when you’re on the toilet—an action that causes significant pressure on the veins and can lead to inflammation.
Also, the longer you delay, the more water that will be reabsorbed into the colon, making your stool harder to pass. That increases your chances of constipation.
How to Treat Haemorrhoids
The first line of treatment is to use an over-the-counter cream, ointment, or suppository that contains the steroid hydrocortisone. This drug helps reduce inflammation, pain, and itching.
If your symptoms don’t clear up within about a week, see your doctor.