Six months after spending life being attached to each other, conjoined Nigerian twins can now live independently after undergoing a successfully yet complex surgery in India.
John and James, whose surname is unknown, were fused together at the upper part of their abdomen before Indian doctors gave them a new lease of life.
The twins underwent a complex but successful operation at Narayana Health Hospital in Bangalore, India.
It was gathered that about twenty-two specialists were involved in the operation which separated the children who shared just one liver.
During the surgery, specialists were able to divide their liver into two pieces, allowing both children to keep part of the vital organ – which can grow back on its own.
The infants, who already defied medical expectations by surviving for so long, were classed as omphalopagus twins due to where they were attached.
These types of conjoined twins share part of gastrointestinal system and abdominal wall, doctors state.
Conjoined twins, who arise from a single embryo, strike just one in every 100,000 births, according to medical literature.
The senior consultant at the hospital, Sanjay Rao, said the surgery was carried out using specialists in various fields, with the aim of letting the babies live normal lives thereafter.
“The goal of surgery is to achieve a safe separation and to have two normal children with no morbidity and disability,” he said.
“The operation was successfully done by an interdisciplinary team consisting of six surgeons, six anesthetists, four anesthetic technicians, six nurses amongst others.”
Unlike normal twins, they fail to separate in the womb and the pair end up joined together at some parts of their body.