The International Olympic Committee (IOC) has stated that it is up to individual sports’ governing bodies to determine if Russian are clean, and should be allowed to take part in the Olympics.
The decision was made after Richard McLaren revealed that Russia has been operating on a state-sponsored doping between 2011-2015.
Competitors from Russia who want to take part in the Games will have to meet strict criteria laid down by the IOC.
Any Russian who has served a doping ban will not be eligible for next month’s Olympics. Track and field athletes have already been banned.
IOC president Thomas Bach said: “We have set the bar to the limit by establishing a number of very strict criteria which every Russian athlete will have to fulfil if he or she wants to participate in the Olympic Games Rio 2016.
“I think in this way, we have balanced on the one hand, the desire and need for collective responsibility versus the right to individual justice of every individual athlete.”