There are over forty rights every citizen has and needs to know about. We have compiled a list of the “Thirteen-Must-Know” Fundamental Human Rights for every Nigerian citizen.
Knowledge is one thing, applying it is another. Read up.
1. RIGHT OF LIFE
Every person has a right to life, and no one shall be deprived intentionally of his life, save in execution of the sentence of a court in respect of a criminal offence of which he has been found guilty in Nigeria.
2. RIGHT TO DIGNITY OF HUMAN PERSON
Every individual is entitle to respect for the dignity of his person, and accordingly.
(a)No person shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment.
(b)No person shall be held in slavery or servitude;
(c)No person shall be regarded to perform forced or compulsory labor
3. RIGHT TO PERSONAL LIBERTY
35. -1.Every person shall be entitled to his personal liberty and no person shall be deprived of such liberty save in the following cases and in accordance with a procedure permitted by law.
-2. Any person who is arrested or detained shall have the right to remain silent or avoid answering any question until after consultation with a legal practitioner or any other person of his own choice.
-3. Any person who is arrested or detained shall be informed in writing within twenty-four hour (and in a language that he understands) of the fact and grounds of his arrest or detention.
-4. Any person who is arrested or detained in accordance with subsection (1) (c) of this section shall be brought before a court of law within a reasonable time. And if he is not tried within a period of
(a) Two months from the date of his arrest or detention in the case of a person who is in custody or is not entitle to bail;
(b) Three months from the date of his arrest or detention in the case of a person who has been released on bail, he shall (without prejudice to any further proceeding that may be brought against him) be released either unconditionally or upon such condition as are reasonably necessary to ensure that he appear for trial later date.
4. RIGHT OF FAIR HEARING
36- (1) in the determination of his civil right and obligation, including any question or determination by or against any government or authority, a person shall be entitle to a fear hearing within a reasonable time by the court of other tribunal established by law and constituted in such manner as to secure its independent and impartially.
5. RIGHT TO PRIVATE FAMILY
37- the privacy of citizen, their home, correspondence, telephone conversation and telegraphic communication is hereby guaranteed and protected.
38- (1) every person shall be entitle to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, including freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom (either alone or in community with other and in public or in private) to manifest and propagate his religion or belief in worship, teaching, practice and observation.
6. RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION AND THE PRESS
39- (1) every person shall be entitle to freedom of expression, including freedom to hold opinion and to receive and impact idea and information without interference.
(2) Without prejudice to the generally of subsection (1) of this section, every person shall be entitle to own, establish and operate any medium for the dissemination of information, idea and opinion.
Provided that no person, other than the government of the federation or a state or any other person body authorized by the president on the fulfillment of condition lay down by the act of the national assembly, shall own, establish or operate a television or wireless broadcasting station for whatsoever.
7. RIGHT OF PEACEFUL ASSOCIATION
Every person shall be entitle to assembly freely and associated with other person, and in particular he may form or belong to any particular party, trade union or any other association for the protection of this interest.
8. RIGHT TO FREEDOM AND MOVEMENT
41- (1) every citizen of Nigeria is entitle to move freely throughout Nigeria and to reside in any part thereof, and no citizen of Nigeria shall be expelled from Nigeria or refused entry thereof or there from.
9. RIGHT TO FREEDOM FROM DISCRIMINATION
(1) A citizen of Nigeria of a particular community, ethnic group, place of origin, sex, religion or political opinion shall not, by reason only that he is such a person:-
(a) be subjected either expressly by, or in the practical application of, any law in force in Nigeria or any executive or administrative action of the government, to disabilities or restrictions to which citizens of Nigeria of other communities, ethnic groups, places of origin, sex, religions or political opinions are not made subject; or
(b) be accorded either expressly by, or in the practical application of, any law in force in Nigeria or any such executive or administrative action, any privilege or advantage that is not accorded to citizens of Nigeria of other communities, ethnic groups, places of origin, sex, religions or political opinions.
(2) No citizen of Nigeria shall be subjected to any disability or deprivation merely by reason of the circumstances of his birth.
(3) Nothing in subsection (1) of this section shall invalidate any law by reason only that the law imposes restrictions with respect to the appointment of any person to any office under the State or as a member of the armed forces of the Federation or member of the Nigeria Police Forces or to an office in the service of a body, corporate established directly by any law in force in Nigeria.
10. RIGHT TO AQUIRE AND OWN IMMOVABLE PROPERTY ANYWHERE IN NIGERIA
43- Subject to the provision of this constitution, every citizen of Nigeria shall have the right to acquire and own immovable property anywhere in Nigeria.
11. COMPULSORY ACQUISITION OF PROPERTY
44-(1) No movable property or any interest in an immovable property shall be taken possession of compulsorily and no right over or interest in any such property shall be acquire compulsorily in any part of Nigeria except in the manner and for the purpose prescribe by a law that among other things.
12. SPECIAL JURISDICTION OF HIGH COURT AND LEGALAID
46- (1) Any person who alleges that any of the provision of this chapter has been, is being or likely to be contravened in any state in relation to him may apply to high court in that state for redress.
13. FREEDOM OF RELIGIOUS BELIEFS
(1) Every person shall be entitled to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, including freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom (either alone or in community with others, and in public or in private) to manifest and propagate his religion or belief in worship, teaching, practice and observance.
(2) No person attending any place of education shall be required to receive religious instruction or to take part in or attend any religious ceremony or observance if such instruction ceremony or observance relates to a religion other than his own, or religion not approved by his parent or guardian.
(3) No religious community or denomination shall be prevented from providing religious instruction for pupils of that community or denomination in any place of education maintained wholly by that community or denomination.
(4) Nothing in this section shall entitle any person to form, take part in the activity or be a member of a secret society.
Source, hotnaijanews, nigeriaworld
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